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Supreme Resolve

Supreme Resolve

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Clinical Applications

• Supplies EPA and DHA, Precursors to Pro-Resolving Lipid Mediators*

• Promotes Specialized Pro-Resolving Lipid Mediator Activity*

• Provides Building Blocks That Support the Natural Resolution ofthe Immune Response*

Supreme Resolve features highly concentrated fish oil with a standardized quantity of the pro-resolving mediators (PRMs) 18-HEPE, 17-HDHA, and 14-HDHA. Metabolites of PRMs, known as specialized PRMs, provide building blocks to support the natural resolution of the immune response.*

All Purety Family Medical Clinic Formulas Meet or Exceed cGMP Quality Standards

Supplement Facts

Serving Size: 1 Softgel
Servings Per Container: 30


Amount Per Serving

%Daily Value




Total Fat

1 g



5 mg


Fish Oil Concentrate

800 mg


Total Omega-3 Fatty Acids

590 mg


EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid)

245 mg


DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)

195 mg


Total Pro-Resolving Mediators

400 mcg


18-HEPE (18-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid)

17-HDHA (17-hydroxydocosahexaenoic acid)

14-HDHA (14-hydroxydocosahexaenoic acid)

† Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.

** Daily Value not established.

Other Ingredients

Softgel (bovine gelatin, glycerin, purified water), and natural
lemon flavor

Directions for Use

Take two capsules daily, or as directed by your healthcare
Consult your healthcare professional prior to use.
Individuals taking medication should discuss potential
interactions with their healthcare professional. Do not
use if tamper seal is damaged.


Pro-resolving mediators (PRMs) are metabolites of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. The most abundant PRMs are 14-HDHA, 17-HDHA,
and 18-HEPE. These PRMs are further metabolized to naturally occurring signaling molecules referred to as specialized PRMs (SPMs).
The function of SPMs is to downregulate the inflammatory process after the initial immune response, allowing a return to homeostasis. Also
known as “resolving agonists,” SPMs target specific immune cells to switch off, or resolve, the inflammatory response that naturally occurs
with acute injury or illness.1,2 Without a resolution, inflammation may linger after the acute phase has passed, leading to an increased risk for
significant chronic health issues.*1-4
Essential fatty acids are released from circulation to provide the substrate for forming SPMs. The positive benefits of omega-3s for many
clinical indications may be attributed to the action of SPMs.2,5 The SPM genus is composed of the following 4 structurally distinct, prominent
families of signaling molecules: lipoxins derived from arachidonic acid; resolvins derived from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic
acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); and finally protectins and maresins derived from DPA and DHA.6,7 Each SPM has a defined
structure that is pivotal to its bioaction. The endogenous biochemical SPM pathways result in counterregulation of the production of proinflammatory mediators (cytokines, chemokines, and inflammatory eicosanoids) to support a healthy inflammatory response.3
As a specific
example, the pathways for resolvins are constituted by the fatty acid lipoxygenases and cyclooxygenase-2 via transcellular interactions
generated by innate immune effector cells that migrate to inflamed tissue sites from the vasculature. Without control of this response, the
activated pro-inflammatory metabolites overwhelm the tissues with persistent inflammatory cell infiltrates and edema, resulting in tissue
Both in vitro and animal studies have demonstrated the effect of SPMs on resolution. Results of a study that explored the contribution of
unresolved inflammation to heart failure after myocardial infarction in rodents found that resolvins reduced pro-fibrotic genes and collagen
deposition in cardiac tissue, leading to a reduced risk of heart failure.8
In other animal research, resolvin E1 was shown to exert action on
experimental models of inflammatory conditions, such as periodontitis, colitis, and peritonitis, in brain reperfusion. Resolvin E1 was also
identified in the resolution of allergic airway responses. D2, another resolvin phenotype, was recognized as a regulator of the inflammatory
response in mice with microbial sepsis. Additionally, the reviewers noted that the induction of macrophages resulted in a unique pro-resolving
phenotype, potentially reducing the incidence of obesity-related metabolic disorders.*9
Cell culture studies have also suggested that resolvin E1 decreases polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration and T-cell migration, reduces
TNFα and IFN-γ secretion, inhibits chemokine formation, and blocks IL-1–induced NF-κB activation. Resolvin E1 also stimulates macrophage
phagocytosis of apoptotic polymorphonuclear neutrophil and is a potent modulator of pro-inflammatory leukocyte expression adhesion
An in vitro study using blood from individuals with obesity explored the hypothesis that resolution failure may lead to unrelenting inflammation
in those individuals, contributing to comorbidities of obesity. The resulting data showed that leukocytes from individuals with obesity do have
an unbalanced formation of SPMs regarding pro-inflammatory lipid mediators. The authors noted that supplementation of the 17-HDHA
intermediate versus its DHA precursor is potentially significant for boosting impaired SPM formation when DHA metabolism is compromised,
such as in obesity.*10
A randomized, double-blind crossover study in adult subjects (N = 21) assessed the response difference to EPA and DHA as precursors to
SPMs. Subjects with chronic inflammation were first given 10-week supplementation with 3 g/d of EPA. After a 10-week washout period, the
same subjects were supplemented with 3 g/d of DHA. The study results suggested that supplementation with EPA and DHA have distinct
effects on ex vivo monocyte inflammatory response by differently regulating cytokine expression. More studies are needed to confirm the
mediating effects and the molecular mechanisms of different subgroups of lipid mediators on different target cell types.*7
The effect of SPMs in limiting neutrophil infiltration into inflammatory sites, enhancing phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, and promoting tissue
regeneration in cell cultures and animal models of inflammation is promising.1
However, further research is needed to better understand SPM
biosynthesis and tissue- and stimulus-specific molecular signatures of the resolution, to define dosages, and to determine the application of
these effects in human subjects.*
Supreme Resolve contains an enhanced marine lipid concentrate of omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters with a standardized level of PRMs. The
concentrate is a result of a proprietary fractionation method used to enrich 18-HEPE, 17-HDHA, and 14-HDHA. Metabolites of PRMs are
emerging as a promising modality for providing building blocks to support the natural resolution of the immune response.*

†These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Formulated to Exclude

Wheat, gluten, corn, yeast, soy, dairy products, crustacean shellfish, peanuts, tree nuts, egg, sesame, ingredients
derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs), artificial colors, and artificial sweeteners

†These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.


1. Serhan CN. Nature. 2014;510(7503):92-101. doi:10.1038/nature13479
2. Hansen TV, Vik A, Serhan CN. Front Pharmacol. 2019;9:1582. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.01582
3. Norling LV, Ly L, Dalli J. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2017;20(2):145-152. doi:10.1097/MCO.0000000000000353
4. Neuhofer A, Zeyda M, Mascher D, et al. Diabetes. 2013;62(6):1945-1956. doi:10.2337/db12-0828
5. Bannenberg G, Serhan CN. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010;1801(12):1260-1273. doi:10.1016/j.bbalip.2010.08.002
6. Dalli J, Serhan CN. Curr Opin Immunol. 2018;50:48-54. doi:10.1016/j.coi.2017.10.007
7. So J, Wu D, Lichtenstein AH, et al. Atherosclerosis. 2021;316:90-98. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2020.11.018
8. Kain V, Ingle KA, Colas RA, et al. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2015;84:24-35. doi:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.04.003
9. Clària J, González-Périz A, López-Vicario C, et al. Front Immunol. 2011;2:49. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2011.00049
10. López-Vicario C, Titos E, Walker ME, et al. FASEB J. 2019;33(6):7072-7083. doi:10.1096/fj.201802587R

Full Ingredients

Fish (anchovy, sardine, herring, and mackerel) and squid.

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